Size : 300kbts
Files : EXE
Since Cisco doesn't give headings for these columns, you need to know what each column consists of. The first column of the routing table indicates how the network number was discovered. C stands for Connected and I indicates the network was learned from the IGRP routing protocol. For a full description of the routing table as it appears in a UNIX host and a Cisco router, refer to "Should RIP Rest In Peace" .
The important thing to realize is that while a routing table keeps track of network numbers, no one assigns a network number to any piece of equipment. Every interface of a router or host connected on the network must have an IP address and a subnet mask defined (many pieces of equipment will assign a default subnet mask if none is applied). From this IP address and subnet mask, the network number is derived by the IP stack and tracked in the routing table.
(This is the exact opposite of what happens in a NetWare network. In NetWare, you assign a network number to a server LAN card, which is used by all workstations on that wire. The workstations use MAC addresses as IPX node numbers.)
Routing tables can get very large. Internet backbone routers can have over 40,000 routes defined in them. In most corporate networks, the routing table is much smaller, as there are not so many subnets that need to be reached.
Many large routers, particulary internet routers, use a method called Classless Interdomain Routing (CIDR) to reduce the number of entries a router needs in its routing table. If we imagine, for instance, that all the Class C addresses that start with the value 194 are allocated for use in Europe, it would significantly reduce the number of entries in Internet routers in the US if there was only one entry for all these class C addresses, rather than a separate entry in the routing table for each one. CIDR works if (as in this example) all the networks with the first octet value of 194 are physically located in one area of the network.